Poles trust scientists but underestimate the consensus on climate change, shows new European research
Poles believe that scientists are on the right track to stop progressing climate changes. At the same time, public opinion in Poland and other European countries underestimates the scope of the scientific consensus on climate change, according to new research.
The survey was conducted in January 2022 among 12,000 citizens of six European countries: the UK, Ireland, Italy, Germany, Norway and Poland.
The results were analysed by the Policy Institute of King's College, London. The data were collected as part of the PERITIA (Policy, Expertise and Trust in Action) project of the European Commission, which aims to measure public confidence in expert knowledge. Citizens' opinions on climate change and the approach to institutions dealing with these changes were analysed.
The survey shows that people in Poland estimate that 66 percent of climate scientists have concluded human-caused climate change is happening, which 99 percent of climate scientists support.
When it comes to the recognition of the actual level of scientific consensus on climate change, representatives of the other surveyed countries are not much better than Poles. The highest score (71 percent) was recorded in Ireland.
The authors of the study checked what share of the public does not recognize certain facts about climate change. According to 16 percent of adult Poles climate change is not mainly caused by human activities.
Another 11 percent do not believe that the last century's global increase in temperature was the largest during the past 1,000 years.
A relatively large proportion of the public believe that innovations that could help combat human-caused climate change are being concealed. In Poland, 45 percent of respondents say that oil companies are hiding technology that could make cars run without petrol or diesel (compared to 22 percent who believe this is false). Polish people are most likely (41 percent) to say that climate change is already harming them personally. Only 16 percent of Norwegian residents agree with this statement.
Many respondents believe that climate change is 'beyond our control'. In Poland, almost 30 percent of respondents agreed with this, while 64 percent of the Irish are convinced that it is not too late to do anything about climate change.
The authors of the study also checked the opinion of citizens about institutions dealing with climate change - national governments, the European Commission and scientists.
More than half of the surveyed Poles (52 percent) believe that the government is motivated by improving the lives of future generations. In the UK, 45 percent have a similar opinion, in Italy it is 60percent. Slightly fewer Poles (50 percent) believe that the motivation of their government is to improve the lives of people like them. In the UK, 39 percent hold this view, the least among the surveyed nations.
On average, just 15 percent of people say that climate scientists are incompetent at dealing with climate change. When it comes to combating climate change, in all countries surveyed, climate scientists are deemed more honest, motivated to do the right thing, open to new ideas and knowledgeable, than either the government or European Commission.
Only 22 percent of respondents from Poland think that the European Commission is incompetent at dealing with climate change. Most respondents (44 percent) consider climate scientists to be competent, and 18 percent believe them to be incompetent. In Poland, 65 percent think that the government is incompetent when it comes to dealing with climate change.
Of all the groups of experts, climate scientists fared best in the study. On average, 57 percent of all respondents claim to mostly share similar values to climate scientists. The country where this view is most widespread is Italy (63 percent), followed by Poland (61 percent) and Ireland (60 percent). This view is the least common in Norway (50 percent).
On average, 62 percent of people say that climate scientists communicate accurate and unbiased information. 65 percent also believe that they are well respected, and according to 49 percent of those surveyed, climate scientists are prominent in the public eye.
People who least believe these scientists to be prominent in the public eye are residents of Poland. This belief is represented by 44 percent of Polish respondents, while in Norway it is 55 percent and in Germany - 53 percent.
PAP - Science in Poland